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Author Topic: FLIR systems question.  (Read 7187 times)

Offline SukhoiLover

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FLIR systems question.
« on: October 07, 2011, 05:44:49 PM »
How effective/ineffective are FLIR systems during daytime compared to night time?
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Offline Webmaster

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Re: FLIR systems question.
« Reply #1 on: October 10, 2011, 03:01:46 PM »
Infra-red is a thermal image, so it relies on temperature differences. Doesn't matter day or night per say, but the atmospheric conditions do matter. It really comes down to the sensitivity, processing, resolution.

Don't confuse with night vision which amplifies visible light.
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Offline shawn a

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Re: FLIR systems question.
« Reply #2 on: October 12, 2011, 07:46:21 AM »
Yep, Thermal Imaging can be incredibly sensitive. I think it has to do with the sensitivity, and the settings of the device. I've seen thermal imaging show tire skid marks when someone in a car chase skidded! And this was with commercially available thermal imaging from a TV news helicopter, not police or military equipment. Pricey stuff. Can't wait 'till it's cheap as a calculator!

Offline F-111 C/C

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Re: FLIR systems question.
« Reply #3 on: October 12, 2011, 03:38:05 PM »
I remember the IR Mavericks (AGM-65) we carried on the A-10 could 'lock' on to the contrast of the image (the White hot OR the Black cold in the image) depending on what you wanted. What was creepy was that Church steeples ALWAYS appeared jet Black on the imaging whereas the rest of the imaging was varying degrees of Whites and Grays. :-\
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Offline Webmaster

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Re: FLIR systems question.
« Reply #4 on: October 13, 2011, 11:53:31 AM »
The coolest thing about Maverick footage is that you don't get to see the destruction. So it's like a movie with an open ending, haha!
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Offline SukhoiLover

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Re: FLIR systems question.
« Reply #5 on: October 21, 2011, 09:33:16 PM »
I see, i made this question because i was wondering that for exemple in a desert where during the night the surroundings are really cooled down a FLIR system might detect a heat source much better than during daytime when its really hot and surrounding temperature is higher, possibly close to that of the target ( depending what it is ).
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Re: FLIR systems question.
« Reply #6 on: October 22, 2011, 02:25:22 AM »
Hmm, in the desert especially the rocks and concrete radiate retained heat during much of the night, because they have a high thermal mass. So I don't know if it makes as much of a difference in seperating target from surroundings.

Anyone else?
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Offline HaveBlue

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Re: FLIR systems question.
« Reply #7 on: October 22, 2011, 06:48:06 PM »
Hmm, in the desert especially the rocks and concrete radiate retained heat during much of the night, because they have a high thermal mass. So I don't know if it makes as much of a difference in seperating target from surroundings.

Anyone else?

I don't know Web, I'm not expert but I might have to disagree here. Any FLIR videos I've seen (cops, border patrol, etc) even in our hot areas like the Texas/Mexico border... the only bright spots are things that are alive. Streets, concrete sidewalks, trees etc are all dark, and only humans, animals and engies light up. I listen to the police scanner on occassion here and our Air One cop chopper never seems to have false hits except in the case of animals (and that one was interesting lol). Just saying.

Offline Webmaster

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Re: FLIR systems question.
« Reply #8 on: October 25, 2011, 05:48:19 PM »
I wasn't saying everything therefore lights up, just saying that a 50 degree difference between night and day, doesn't mean a 50 degree difference in all surroundings heat signatures.

The distribution of grey scales is probably dynamic, so you can then have as much contrast for day as night. Upper and lower bounds may also be dynamic, so let's say you have from -30 to 90 degrees at night,  30 to 90 at day. A certain number of shades of grey on the greyscale, let's say 60 for convenience, and uniform distribution (obviously they don't use uniform distributions, as bodies are almost as white as engines most of the time, while pavement/road is way different sometimes, but just for ease let's say it is uniform), so at night 2 degrees per shade difference, day 1 degree. If you have a body temperature of 36 and background of 20 degrees, the difference at day is 16 shades of grey. At night, with your background at 4 degrees, the difference is also 16 shades.

With high sensitivity / better sensors and processing power / better hard+software, I don't see why today's high-end FLIR systems would produce a worse image at day than night to the point where it affects targeting. I think we're way past that and now it's more about resolution/range and maybe additional processing to produce more depth in the image.

That said, I'm out of my depth here...hehe
« Last Edit: October 25, 2011, 06:03:03 PM by Webmaster »
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